There two major types of hypertension that account for about 90% of all high blood pressure cases. They are:
1). Primary hypertension: It has an unknown cause but most common among people whose parent has it, Primary hypertension is also called essential or Benign Hypertension. It is the most common form of high blood pressure because primary high blood pressure accounts for about 80 to 90% of all diagnosed cases of high blood pressure all around the world.
Even though the cause of primary high blood pressure is unknown, there are some risk factors or certain circumstances and situations that contribute to the development of this kind of high blood pressure in people that has it. Such risk factors are obesity, smoking, excessive intake of alcohol, lifestyle, race, excessive intake of salt and smoking
2). Secondary Hypertension: This type of high blood pressure is mainly caused by another disease and is usually known. Secondary hypertension accounts for about 5-10% of all people diagnosed with high blood pressure. Some of the likely causes of this type of high blood pressure are tumors, kidney disease, sleep apnea, thyroid dysfunction, Thyroid or disorders, Renovascular Disease and others like high blood pressure bottom number.
There are two main classifications of hypertension according to duration: they are Acute and Chronic hypertension.
It is a condition in which the blood pressure becomes very high in a short period of time. Here are some of the symptoms of acute hypertension:
▪ The sudden rise in blood pressure.
▪ The rise in blood pressure occurs in a short period of time.
▪ Acute high blood pressure comes with nose bleeding, headache or ringing ear.
▪ It is fatal and dangerous.
With appropriate treatments and care of acute high blood pressure, it can prevent damage to major organs of the body such as eyes, kidney etc.
What is Chronic Hypertension? It is an opposite of acute hypertension, in this case, the blood pressure goes higher, and more than 140/90 mmHg for a long period of time… it may be up to months or years.
People diagnosed with chronic high blood pressure are also referred to as being… hypertensive
chronic high blood pressure has no symptoms in most cases.
According to the 8th report of the Joint National Committee in the United States of America
The stages of high blood pressure are
|Normal||Less than 120||and||Less than 80|
STAGE 1 high blood pressure: Systolic 140 – 159 and Diastolic 90 – 99 mmHg
STAGE 2 high blood pressure: Systolic greater than 160 and Diastolic greater than 100 mmHg
Stage 3 Hypertension had been phased out by the Joint national committee since 2003.
This hypertension type occurs in about 1 percent of people diagnosed with hypertension. This type of high blood pressure is more common in young adults, African-American men, high blood pressure in pregnancy usually called toxemia. Malignant high blood pressure occurs when your blood pressure rises and diastolic pressure greater than 130 mmHg.
There are other types of high blood pressure like Ocular high blood pressure which cause elevated pressure in the eyes and Intra-cranial which cause abnormal high pressures within the skull.
Getting the correct diagnosis is very important in the treatment of your low or high blood pressure and getting control over it. Getting yourself educated and well informed are best things you can do to help yourself in any medically related matter.
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